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What is Dengue Fever | Aedes Aegypti | Dengue Mosquito | Treatment

What is dengue fever? Also discussed Aedes aegypti, dengue fever signs, and symptoms. Cover up dengue fever treatment.

What is Dengue Fever | Aedes Aegypti | Dengue Mosquito | Treatment
Dengue Investigation

Dengue Fever

Definition of Dengue Fever

DHF or dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease caused by one of four dengue viruses. Dengue fever is a contagious disease. The means of transmission of dengue fever itself comes from the bite of the Aedes aegypti and Aedes mosquitoes.

Risk Factors for Dengue Fever

Dengue fever will be triggered by sure threat components. Some threat components for dengue fever, specifically:

Have experienced dengue virus infection before;

Live or travel to the tropics; and

Infants, children, aged people, and people with weak immunity.

Causes of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. Both mosquitoes can bite in the morning until late afternoon. Transmission occurs when a mosquito bites and sucks the blood of somebody who has been infected with the dengue virus, when the mosquito bites another person, then the virus will spread. This occurs as a result of mosquitoes act because the provider medium for the dengue virus

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Symptoms typically happen 4-7 days since the bite of a mosquito and can final for 10 days. Some symptoms of dengue fever, namely:

  • High fever reaches 40 degrees Celsius;
  • Severe head pain;
  • Pain in joints, muscle tissue, and bones;
  • Pain in the back of the eye;
  • Decreased appetite;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Swollen lymph nodes;
  • Reddish rash around 2-5 days after fever;
  • Damage to blood vessels and lymph; and
  • Bleeding from the nostril, gums, or below the skin.


Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

Diagnosis of dengue fever can be achieved by conducting a bodily examination and medical interview. Also, supporting examinations, such as blood tests in the laboratory must be done. It is recommended that, after experiencing symptoms of dengue fever, immediately consult a doctor or directly visit the nearest hospital, so that diagnosis can be done immediately.

What is Dengue Fever | Aedes Aegypti | Dengue Mosquito | Treatment
Dengue Fever Rashes

Complications of Dengue Fever

When dengue is too late to be treated, complications will occur. Complications of dengue fever or dengue shock syndrome (DSS) have several signs and indicators, specifically:

Signs of bleeding, resembling nosebleeds, bleeding gums, bleeding below the pores and skin, black vomiting, coughing up blood, or defecating with black stools;

  • Decreased blood pressure;
  • Wet and cold skin;
  • Weakened pulse;

The frequency of urination decreases and the amount of urine that comes out is small;

Dry mouth; and

Shortness of breath or irregular breathing patterns.

What is Dengue Fever | Aedes Aegypti | Dengue Mosquito | Treatment
Dengue Virus


The appropriate and fast remedy must be done when the person has experienced a DSS. If the treatment is not immediately carried out, it can result in malfunctioning of organs which results in death.

Dengue Fever Treatment

Specific treatments to treat dengue are currently not accessible. Treatment aims to overcome the symptoms and prevent increasingly heavy viral infections. Some of the efforts that doctors recommend, namely:

  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration;
  • Enough rest;
  • Consumption of heat-reducing drugs that are relatively safe and recommended by doctors;
  • Avoiding pain medication. This is because these drugs can cause bleeding complications.
  • Monitor the frequency of urination and the amount of urine that comes out.

Prevention of Dengue Fever

Various efforts can be done to prevent dengue fever, namely:

Children aged 9-16 years should be vaccinated against dengue, 3 times with a distance of 6 months;

Eradicating mosquito breeding sites carried out in two fogging insecticides or fogging with a distance of 1 week;

  • Drain a water reservoir, such as a bathtub, at least every week;
  • Closing the water reservoir;
  • Recycling items that have the potential to become breeding grounds for Aedes aegypti mosquitoes;
  • Regulate enough light in the home;
  • Install anti-mosquito wire in the house ventilation;
  • Sprinkle larvicide powder (abate) in a reservoir of water that is difficult to drain;
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping;
  • Plant mosquito repellent plants;
  • Break the habit of hanging clothes;
  • Avoiding areas that are vulnerable to infection;
  • Wear loose clothes; and
  • Use an anti-mosquito cream that contains N-diethyl-meta toluamide (DEET), but do not use DEET in children under 2 years.

What is Dengue Fever | Aedes Aegypti | Dengue Mosquito | Treatment
Dengue Mosquito

When to see a doctor?

If you have achieved prevention, but dengue fever still attacks and interfere with daily activities, immediately visit a doctor for a recommendation. Handling as early as possible will help prevent the emergence of more severe problems.

Video Courtesy: Portea
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