Female Infertility : The Causes | Treatment of Infertility in Women

Female infertility treatment

Female Infertility :The Causes  | Treatment of Infertility in Women

After Treatment of infertility

Infertility in women

What is female infertility and what the causes of female infertility?  Most of the women become a victim of infertility. How to treat female infertility.

The deterioration of oocytes due to age, hormonal dysfunctions, inflammations, and diseases of the reproductive system are among the main causes of infertility in women.


One of the main factors contributing to female infertility concerns the age at which you choose to look for your first pregnancy. From the physiological perspective, the most effective time to have a child is in fact between 20 and 25 years. 

After this phase, fertility gradually begins to decline, suffering a considerable drop after the age of 35, and decreasing greatly after the age of 40. This is because of the truth that the variety of oocytes of a girl is set from start. As we age, this reserve is lowered, so that the variety of oocytes within the follicles at 38 years is decrease than that at 25. Not solely that. 

Over the years, the age of the oocyte: because of this they extra typically current chromosomal anomalies, and if fertilized they may give rise to malformed embryos (for instance with Down syndrome). The age of the uterus, alternatively, is much less necessary, though some research presents a correlation between this and the chance of spontaneous abortion.


A problem for reproduction is also represented by infections caused by sexually transmitted diseases: the main ones include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia. The latter, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, is much more widespread than other venereal diseases, especially in women between the ages of 15 and 21, and is responsible for around 50% of pelvic inflammation. 

The infection is localized within the uterine cervix and vagina, however, it is asymptomatic, therefore it happens that the infection is not noticed for several years, leaving it time to spread to the endometrium or fallopian tubes, inflicting sterility. 

To determine the presence of the bacterium, a urine check can be utilized, which all girls who've irritation of the urethra, cervix, endometrium, or salpingitis should undergo. Therapy is predicated on antibiotics.

Female Infertility :The Causes  | Treatment of Infertility in Women
Age-wise graph

The endometriosis

Endometriosis is likely one of the commonest causes of infertility. It consists within the presence of endometrium (the tissue that lines the internal surface of the uterus) outside the uterine cavity, usually within the space of ​​the female reproductive system (ovary, fallopian tubes, ligaments of the uterus, space between the vagina and rectum), but also on the external genitalia and other internal organs. 

The presence of this tissue, which in healthy women is expelled every month with menstruation, generates a persistent irritation of the organs on which it grew, and may stop its right functioning. It is estimated that around three million Italian girls suffer from endometriosis, and 30-40 p.c of those have infertility problems. 

The most common symptom is ache associated with the capabilities of the affected organs, for instance, earlier than, after, or throughout menstruation, throughout ovulation or sexual activity. Timely prognosis is necessary with a view to set up the right remedy, to safeguard not solely fertility but also the psychophysical well-being of the girl.


It consists of an ovulation dysfunction related to hyperandrogenism, that's, an extreme production of male hormones by the ovaries and adrenal glands. Those suffering from this syndrome show larger than normal ovaries, which comprise an extreme variety of small immature follicles that can't develop and switch into cysts. 

The causes of this syndrome are not yet fully understood, though some research recommends that there could also be a genetic drawback on the origin since typically the syndrome is present in several girls of the identical household. 

This syndrome causes severe ovulation issues: cycles happen without oocyte manufacturing, and menstruation could be very irregular or utterly absent, a situation whereby conception is not possible.

Female Infertility :The Causes  | Treatment of Infertility in Women

A baby in the basket


Cigarettes also make a woman less fertile. Smokers have higher infertility rates and take longer to conceive, usually over a year. The severity of the injury relies on the variety of cigarettes and the way lengthy a girl smokes: some research present that even ten cigarettes a day have negative effects on fertility. 

An estimated 13% of feminine infertility is because of smoking. Fortunately, it is a reversible condition: quitting smoking brings fertility - if not attributable to different causes - to regular ranges. Also, couples who already suffer from infertility should know that smoking reduces the possibility of success of a medically assisted procreation method. 

The causes of this discount infertility in girls people who smoke are to be found in the action of the substances toxic (nicotine, cadmium, and benzopyrene, above all) contained in smoke, which find yourself within the follicular fluid and the cells of the ovary, and interfere with the maturation of the oocytes. 

Passive smoking can even pose a danger to fertility: cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, has additionally been present in non-smoking women, and with non-smoker partners, who have taken passively smoking within the workplace.

Female Infertility :The Causes  | Treatment of Infertility in Women

The side effect of nicotine


Both obesity and excessive thinness can affect a woman's ability to conceive. Also, in this case, the condition can be reversible, in the sense that if you recover the weight, fertility also improves. 

The causes of this interference are hormonal: overweight girls have an extra of estrogen, whereas underweight girls have a deficit of this hormone

The result's that in each of these circumstances the menstrual cycle isn't common, and subsequently the reproductive perform is altered. 

Also, obesity is often associated with polycystic ovary syndrome, which interferes with the correct ovulatory cycle.

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