About

The function of the liver, causes and methods of preventing its diseases

Liver


The function of the liver, causes and methods of preventing its diseases
Human Liver


Proper liver operate is an important condition for maintaining the health and beauty of the entire body.

Read extra concerning the situation and features of the liver ...

Among the factors that negatively affect the condition of the liver, experts distinguish:

alcohol abuse ...
virus attack ...
malnutrition ...

Often the reason for injury to the liver cells (hepatocytes) is irritation. In the battle in opposition to it, a medicine containing glycyrrhizic acid (HA) and important phospholipids (EF) may also help.
Go to the example ...
There are contraindications. It is necessary to consult with a specialist.

To obtain the correct impact of remedy, it's worth using proven drugs that have passed clinical trials.
View research results ...

"Phosphogliv" is a combined drug that can help at all phases of liver damage:

The optimal composition of active components;

A significant decrease in inflammation in the liver and the degree of fibrosis;
Favorable safety profile;
A wide selection of purposes;
Prime quality manufacturing.
Read more about the drug ...


There are contraindications. It is necessary to consult with a specialist.

A built-in strategy within the remedy and restoration of the liver is the most effective.
What tools assist in this?

Take care of your health without extra costs - choose drugs that have a fixed inexpensive price.
View an example ...
“The reservoir of the soul”, “the mother of the heart”, “the source of the vital principle” - as soon as the liver was not called in ancient times. The concept of ​​the position of this gland was quite vague, but even at the dawn of medicine, the first researchers intuitively noted the large importance that the liver has for the body. Today, scientists have a wealthy arsenal of knowledge about the structure, features, and role of this gland, which means they have the opportunity to develop methods for maintaining its health for many years.

Where is the human liver and what are its functions

The liver is the most important gland of the physique. As a rule, the liver is talked about in connection with the digestive system, however, it performs a huge role in maintaining the metabolism, and toxins are neutralized in it. Such involvement of the liver in various processes occurring in the body explains the great attention that's usually paid to maintaining its health.

The liver is located in the abdominal cavity under the diaphragm. It is located in the right hypochondrium, however, since its size is quite large (the mass of a healthy liver can be up to 1800 grams), it reaches the left hypochondrium, where it's in contact with the stomach.

This gland consists of enormous lobes and its tissue types lobules. A lobule is a group of liver cells within the type of a multifaceted prism. The lobules are entangled in a community of vessels and bile ducts. Lobules are separated from one another by connective tissue, which is a wholesome liver that is developed fairly poorly. The cells of this gland are concerned within the neutralization of poisons that include the bloodstream, in addition to within the manufacturing of bile and the formation of different compounds vital for the physique.

The primary functions of the liver are:

Metabolism. In the liver, proteins are broken down into amino acids, the most important compound, glycogen, is synthesized, into which extra glucose is processed and fats metabolism takes place (the liver is typically known as the “fat depot”). Also, the liver metabolizes vitamins and hormones.
Detoxification. As we talked about, varied toxins and microorganisms are neutralized within the liver, after which their decomposition products are excreted by the kidneys.

Synthesis.

 In this gland, bile is synthesized, consisting of bile acids, pigments, and LDL cholesterol. Bile is involved in the digestion of fats, the absorption of nutritional vitamins, and stimulates intestinal motility.

Causes of the development of pathologies

Thus, regular metabolism (metabolism) within the physique is impossible without proper liver function. And that's the reason it's essential to know what factors cause liver diseases to avoid their development. The most dangerous are the following:

Alcohol abuse

In the liver, the main metabolism of ethanol, the alcohol contained in alcoholic drinks, happens. With small quantities of alcohol consumption, liver cells handle to deal with its processing. If a reasonable dose is exceeded, ethanol contributes to damage to liver cells - the accumulation of fat in them (fatty hepatosis, or fatty degeneration), inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis), and destruction. At the same time, excessive formation of connective tissue in the liver (fibrosis, and later cirrhosis and even cancer) occurs.


A patient with alcoholic liver damage may complain of weakness, a general decrease in tone and appetite, and digestive upset. Gradually, these symptoms worsen, tachycardia, jaundice, and others join them. Moreover, very often in the early stages of alcoholic liver disease, no pain might occur.

The function of the liver, causes and methods of preventing its diseases

Liver Tissues


Malnutrition

The abundance of fatty meals and decreased locomotor exerciseThis implies that the physique disrupts fats metabolism. As a consequence, fats begin to build up within the liver cells, inflicting their degeneration (steatosis). This results in the truth that the energetic formation of free radicals begins - particles that carry an electrical cost and pose a hazard to cells. Foci of irritation and necrosis seem within the liver, connective tissue grows, and ultimately cirrhosis can develop.
Improper vitamin causes illnesses similar to non-alcoholic fatty illness, cirrhosis, and liver most cancers.
Violation of the principles for taking medicine and the results of poisonous substances
Uncontrolled treatment results in an elevated load on the liver, as a result of a lot of the medicine, are processed in it. It is believed that drug injury to the liver accounts for as much as 10% of all unwanted effects that medicine has on the physique, and its signs might seem 90 days after completion of administration. Different substances are harmful toxins to the liver, similar to industrial and plant poisons.

Substances that have a poisonous impact on the liver trigger the destruction of cell membranes, resulting in malfunctioning of hepatocytes (liver cells), which could cause hepatitis and liver failure. Patients complain of ache within the liver, weak spot, common malaise; jaundice might develop.

Virus assault

The impact of viruses on the liver is harmful primarily by the event of viral hepatitis. This is an inflammatory illness of the liver, which, relying on the kind of virus that prompted it, may even result in death. Often the illness is asymptomatic. Sometimes sufferers complain of malaise, fever, ache in the appropriate hypochondrium, jaundice. In the case of extreme hepatitis, liver tissue necrosis might start.

Major liver illnesses

Due to the heavy load that's positioned on the liver, this gland is sort of weak: we've listed solely the principle unfavorable elements that affect it, the truth is, there are way more of them. In complete, there are about 50 pathologies of this gland, and, as famous within the European Association for the Study of the Liver, about 30 million Europeans are at the moment affected by its continual illnesses.

We record once more the principle kinds of pathological adjustments within the liver:

hepatosis (fatty liver, steatosis)
hepatitis;
fibrosis
cirrhosis;
liver failure;
most cancers and others.

Signs of gland dysfunction and prognosis of illnesses

Disorders of the liver can characterize non-specific signs (attribute of different illnesses), due to this fact, it's not at all times the potential to attract an unambiguous conclusion that the affected person was confronted with liver illness. Patients report poor well being, decreased urge for food, lethargy, stool issues, frequent colds, an elevated tendency to allergic reactions, pores and skin itching, irritability (toxins that aren't neutralized within the liver have an unfavorable impact on the mind).

Among the particular indicators of a violation may be recognized:

Pain in the appropriate hypochondrium;
a sense of heaviness, discomfort within the stomach, nausea;
the feeling of bitterness within the mouth.
The brightest signal indicating the presence of liver illness, after all, is jaundice - a change within the color of the pores and skin and mucous membranes. This is a result of the accumulation of bilirubin within the blood.

Since the signs of liver illness will not be at all times particular, when these signs seem, an examination is critical. Early prognosis will assist your physician prescribe an efficient remedy and restore the liver to operate as a lot as potential.

The function of the liver, causes and methods of preventing its diseases
Normal and Cirrhosis liver


A gastroenterologist is concerned with the remedy of pathologies. For a correct prognosis, he directs the affected person to a biochemical blood check to detect the degrees of ALT (alanine aminotransferase), LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) and AST (aspartate aminotransferase) in it. These indicators make it potential to gauge the presence of irritation within the liver. By the content material of different substances within the blood: GGT (gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase), bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase (alkaline phosphatase), one can choose the presence of stagnation of bile.

Also, the affected person should move a urinalysis, throughout which the bilirubin content material is measured.

On an ultrasound of the liver, the physician assesses its measurement: within the presence of steatosis and irritation of the iron will increase, and the tissues purchase a heterogeneous construction. Modern ultrasound diagnostic expertise - elastography - makes it potential to measure the so-called elasticity of liver tissue and permits you to decide the diploma of fibrosis. In addition to ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography may be prescribed for prognosis.

If the physician must precisely decide the stage of the illness (for instance, cirrhosis or fibrosis), a liver biopsy is carried out - tissue sampling for examination.

Liver disease prevention

One of the primary steps in direction of sustaining liver well being is to regulate the food regimen: the presence of a considerable amount of fatty meals, alcohol, friedRefined and cooked meals negatively have an effect on gland well being. Meals shouldn't be plentiful, it's higher to eat 4-5 instances a day in average parts.

All these measures are efficient, however not at all times ample. That is why in some circumstances, docs might advise taking medicines that assist the liver and assist restore broken cells.

Medications

Drugs geared toward defending and restoring liver operate belong to the group of hepatoprotection. As a part of the complicated remedy, which includes a balanced food regimen, an energetic lifestyle, and giving up dangerous habits, docs prescribe varied medicines to restore injury and restore the functioning of hepatocytes.

The function of the liver, causes and methods of preventing its diseases
Anatomy of liver


Currently, there's a giant choice of hepatoprotection based mostly on important phospholipids - substances which are parts of cell membranes. The destruction of the membranes of hepatocytes (as a result of the growth of the inflammatory course of and different elements) results in disruption of their work, and the extra consumption of phospholipids contributes to their restoration.

However, the seek for a medicinal substance that may remove the inflammatory course of continues, since without its elimination it's not potential to revive liver cells.

One of those substances may be glycyrrhizic acid, which has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antifibrotic results. In mixture with phospholipids, the bioavailability of glycyrrhizic acid will increase, which permits to realize essentially the most pronounced therapeutic impact.

Video Courtesy: NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital

Post a Comment

2 Comments